The arranging of yarn threads in long parallel lengths of equal tension, onto a beam in preparation for weaving.
During the warping process cones of yarn are placed onto a rack called a creel. From this creel yarn passes through tension and spacing devices and through a leasing reed which separates the yarn threads and keeps them in the correct order before being wound onto a warping balloon.
In the woollen industry warping is carried out on a sectional machine where each section of warp threads are wound onto the balloon alongside previous sections.
When the correct amount of yarn has been added the warp is removed from the balloon and transferred onto a warping beam ready for the weaving process.
Video Link: Type of Weft Insertions in weaving loom